Reasons why India and China Animosity

India and China

The animosity between India and China can be traced back to historical events, including the Opium Wars. The Opium Wars were a series of conflicts between China and Western powers, primarily Britain, during the 19th century.

India and China Animosity

During this time, Britain was heavily involved in the opium trade with China. British merchants smuggled opium into China, which caused widespread addiction and social problems within the country. The Chinese government, concerned about the devastating impact of opium on its population, took measures to suppress the opium trade.
In response to China’s efforts to halt the opium trade, Britain initiated military actions against China, leading to the First Opium War (1839-1842). The Chinese were defeated, and the Treaty of Nanking was signed, which ceded Hong Kong to Britain and opened several ports for trade. The Second Opium War (1856-1860) followed, triggered by conflicts between Britain and China over issues related to trade, religion, and diplomatic relations. British and French forces attacked China again, resulting in further territorial concessions and the legalization of the opium trade. The Opium Wars are often seen by many in China as a symbol of national humiliation and the unequal treaties imposed upon the country, leading to a sense of bitterness and mistrust towards Western nations.
Regarding India’s role in this animosity, India was under British colonial rule during the Opium Wars. The opium produced in India was a significant source of revenue for the British Empire, and it played a crucial role in the opium trade with China. While the Opium Wars are not the sole factor contributing to the animosity between India and China, they are a part of the historical backdrop that has shaped their relationship.
India’s Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, was an Indian-Parsi Merchant and philanthropist, later a British knight and baronet. He made a huge fortune in cotton and the opium trade with China. He earned mammoth profit by selling opium in china.

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India and China Animosity – A ROADBLOCK FOR CHINA 

The animosity between India and China is rooted in historical, geopolitical, and territorial issues. Border Disputes, The most significant and persistent issue between the two countries is the territorial disputes over areas along their shared border, known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC). India and China fought a brief but intense war in 1962 over these border disputes, and even though the war ended, a resolution has not been reached. The disputed territories, such as Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh, continue to be points of contention, leading to occasional border skirmishes and tensions.
China’s control over Tibet has been a longstanding point of concern for India. After the Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1950, the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, sought refuge in India. This incident filled China with the feeling of hatred towards India.

Both India and China are vying for greater influence in the South Asian and Southeast Asian regions. They compete for access to markets, natural resources, and strategic partnerships with neighboring countries leading to a certain level of rivalry and strategic distrust. They are among the world’s largest economies and are often seen as economic competitors in various sectors.
India’s rise as a major power and its continued development could present a challenge to China’s regional and global ambitions. Its increasing economic and military capabilities seen by china as a threat to their already established influence over the area.

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Jealousy between India and China

China sees India as a regional competitor in South Asia. As both countries are populous and rapidly growing economies, they vie for influence in the region. China’s strategic projects like the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have raised concerns in India, as they often pass through territories claimed by India, such as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). With seeking Economic Rivalry, India and China have large and dynamic economies, and they compete for markets, resources, and investment opportunities. China’s export-oriented economic growth has sometimes caused apprehension in India due to the impact on its manufacturing sector and trade imbalances. Both countries seek to increase their global influence and secure access to resources and markets. China’s rise as an economic and military power has garnered significant attention, sometimes leading to comparisons with India’s potential as a counterbalance. In respect to international relation, China has been wary of India’s growing engagement with other major powers, including the United States. India’s efforts to strengthen strategic partnerships with countries in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond could be perceived as a challenge to China’s position on the global stage.


The major rivers that flow from the Tibetan Plateau into India are the Brahmaputra (known as the Yarlung Tsangpo in China) and the Sutlej. China’s control over the headwaters of these rivers has led to concerns in India about potential impacts on downstream water flow and availability.
There have been occasional concerns in India about China’s plans for dam construction and river diversion projects on the Brahmaputra. The Chinese government has stated that its projects are run-of-the-river hydroelectric projects and not intended to divert the river’s flow. The reasons for current dispute are complex and include India’s actions in August 2019 to end Jammu & Kashmir’s traditional autonomy, China strategic position, India’s growing military imbalance with China has been a matter of dispute.
Currently, India has withdrawn from the World University Games to protest China’s decision to issue stapled visas to athletes from Arunachal Pradesh, a region along the disputed border on which Beijing stakes its claim.

Overall, India is on the path to become 3rd largest nation in terms of highest GDP. Even though, it is still very far from China’s GDP growth but this concerns China. India’s good relations with USA (when USA-China are at cold war) has significantly benefitted India. USA’s policy to remove its manufacturing units from China and use india for the same purpose has just made China more furious toward India.

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