One Nation One Election

One Nation One Election

One Nation One Election (ONOE) is a concept that proposes holding simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and all state legislative assemblies in India. This idea has been discussed and debated for several years, with proponents arguing that it could reduce the frequency of elections, save costs, and improve governance. However, the concept also has its critics, who raise concerns about its feasibility, impact on federalism, and potential to undermine democracy. In September 2023, the Union Governement established a high level committee on One Nation One Election led by Former President Ramnath Kovind. The Committee has engaged with national and state political parties and sought public and jurists’ opinions. The Proposal raises concerns about its impact on India’s democratic structure and Federal set up.

Benefits of One Nation One Election

One of the main arguments in favor of One Nation, One Election is that it could reduce the frequency of elections in India. Currently, elections are held almost every year in some part of the country, leading to a continuous cycle of campaigning and governance disruptions. By holding simultaneous elections, the argument goes, the country could save time and resources that are currently spent on conducting multiple elections.

Another argument in favor of One Nation, One Election is that it could save costs. Elections in India are expensive affairs, with huge amounts of money spent on campaigning, security, and logistics. By holding simultaneous elections, the cost of conducting elections could be significantly reduced, freeing up resources that could be used for other development purposes.

Proponents of One Nation, One Election also argue that it could improve governance. Currently, the model code of conduct comes into effect during elections, which restricts the government’s ability to announce new policies and make decisions. By reducing the frequency of elections, the model code of conduct could be in effect for shorter periods, allowing for more effective governance.

Critics of One Nation One Election

One Nation One Election In India(भारत में एक राष्ट्र एक चुनाव)
Image Source: Linkedin

The concept of One Nation, One Election also has its critics, who raise several concerns. One of the main concerns is the feasibility of holding simultaneous elections in a country as diverse as India. Coordinating elections at the national and state levels, each with its own unique political dynamics and issues, could be a complex and challenging task.

Critics also argue that One Nation, One Election could undermine federalism in India. State governments play a crucial role in the country’s governance, and holding simultaneous elections could lead to a situation where state issues are overshadowed by national issues. This could weaken the voice of states in the country’s political discourse. It clashes with the concept of Federalism contrary to the idea of India as a ‘Union of States’ specified in Article 1.

Another concern raised by critics is that One Nation, One Election could undermine democracy. Elections are a fundamental aspect of democracy, and holding simultaneous elections could reduce the frequency of elections, thereby reducing the accountability of governments to the people. Critics argue that this could lead to a situation where governments become less responsive to the needs and concerns of the people.

Challenges Associated with One Nation One Election Includes direct impact to Article 83(2) and 172 of the Constitution outline a five year tenure for lok sabha and state legislative unless dissolved earlier. It raises questions about the repercussions if the central or state government collapses mid tenure. Imposition of President Rule will also become difficult if nation focus on One Nation One Election Concept. The Dillemma of whether to hold elections in every state or impose president rule for secure consitution from Violation complicates the Constitutional Framework.

The Implementation of One Nation One Election poses significant logistical challenges including the availability and security of Electronic voting machines, Personnel and other resources. The EC may encounter difficulties in managing such a massive electoral exercise, adding complexity to the One Nation One Election Proposal. Therefore, Logistical Challenges in Implementing the One Nation One Election is one of the major Challenges to fulfill this Concept.

In Conclusion, One Nation, One Election is a concept that has both supporters and critics. While proponents argue that it could reduce the frequency of elections, save costs, and improve governance, critics raise concerns about its feasibility, impact on federalism, and potential to undermine democracy. Ultimately, the decision on whether to implement One Nation, One Election should be taken after careful consideration of these issues and after consulting all stakeholders.

Visit our Website for more Interesting Blogs: Knowledgehotspot.com

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top