Achievements after Independence: 77th Independence Day

Independence Day

India got independence on 15th August 1947 after a long struggle with British Empire. British came to India at the beginning of the 17th century with the purpose of trade as the East India Company. We got independence on 15th August 1947 but before it, we fought many fights against the British for our independence and citizen’s rights. Some scholars referred 1857 revolt as the first War of Independence in India. Our Freedom Fighters such as Mahatma Gandhi,  Lala Lajpat Rao, Subhash Chandra Bose, Sarojini Naidu, etc worked very hard to earn the Independence of India.

After Independence of India 1947

Image Source: The Leaflet

India got Independence with the Partition of the Indian subcontinent into two Parts – India and Pakistan. Later, it also formed a third country in it called Bangladesh in 1971. The struggle during the Independence was very difficult but Indians also faced many challenges after the Independence as well. India did not have any Infrastructure for development. It faced high levels of unemployment and Poverty. The education level was very low and Illiteracy was very high. 75% population is involved in the occupation of traditional Agricultural Practices. It also fought wars with China and Pakistan in 1962,1965 and 1971. Therefore, the Indian economy suffered a lot due to these wars while India was already in trouble in tackling its internal economic and security issues.

Achievements after Independence

Image Source: The Asian Age
  • In the beginning, Our founding Fathers focused on the fundamental of the Country which comprised a remarkable constitution with all the needful provisions. Due to its successful Constitution making which used to be enforceable till now, is a recommendable achievement for the largest democracy in the World.
  • India conducted its first elections in 1951 successfully and implemented its democratic nature in front of the World. All the developed nations were doubting India’s capabilities concerning making a constitution and conducting a Free and Fair Election.
  • Our First Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru contributed in the development of Indian Economy  through Five years plan. In first Five Year plan, Agriculture was the main centre in this plan because major population worked as agricultural farmer and agriculture was the only way to tackle the poverty and increased India’s economic self-sufficiency .
  • During the Reign of Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi, Agriculture flourished under the Green Revolution which developed India as an agricultural Surplus country and it became one of the major countries that exported edible agricultural items all over the World. Therefore, as a result of all these effects, the passing of the National Food Security Act, of 2013,for offering food grains at a low price for two-third of the population.
  • Many developments has occurred in the field of aeronautics and space Industry, India launched many satellites into space as the symbol of science and technology developments. India launched its first native satellite called Aryabhatta in 1975 with the help of the USSR but manufactured entirely in India. In 2013, ISRO launched the orbiter Mission to Mars successfully. Recently, ISRO also sent Chandrayaan3 to the Moon and clicked moon photos successfully.
  • India is also progressing in the field of health and Pharmaceutical industry till now after the Independence of India. In 1947, the average life expectancy of Indians was roughly 32 years but now it has increased to 70 years. India has tremendously improved its people’s health results as per the WHO. India has also worked hard to eradicate Polio. Within two decades India got the Polio free certificate from the World Health Organization in 2014. India also ran one of the world’s largest vaccine drives against COVID-19.
  • India’s economy has uniquely transformed from an agriculture-based economy to a service sector dominated the economy in the 1990s with the implementation of LPG and the Open market Policy adopted by the Indian Government. India’s service sector contributes over 50% of the country’s GDP. World Bank has predicted that India will be the fastest growing economy in coming years due to its robust service sector structure through value addition like tourism, entertainment, healthcare, sports, financial services, etc.

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